The canyon at local word is called ngarai, long land sheer drop formed in the area of Kabupaten Agam West Sumatra, which is also as the border of Bukittinggi city to the west. The area is belong to West Sumatra province known as the land of Minangkabau often referred in short as Minang only. The fault according to the geologist was formed by the tectonic activity, but date has not yet established which is called Semangko fault. The depth is 100 m in average with length 15 kms and width 200 m in average. The fault is not strait at some places sharp turning, and is now clean current of river called batang Sianok, batang is Minangakabau word for river. The base of the fault is green with fertile land base profiting cows and buffaloes to grow well along the fault. The number of free living buffaloes is reported quiet big and the people do not giving them trouble and let them live as they are free.
Sianok canyon is one of the most interesting place to visit in West Sumatra beside unique culture of Minang people such as their architecture, decorative art and customs. Many activities can be organized at the canyon such as ravine or ngarai wall climbing adventure, riding canoe along the batang Sianok and see historic sites such as Japanese depend cave which during construction sacrificed dozens of people in 1945. There are 2 version of story available on the mass victims of the construction due to unrecovered disease or intentionally killed by Japanese soldiers to keep secret existence of the depend base after construction was finished. The names of the workers are chiseled in a monument in the cave, and knowing their names indicate that most of them were brought from Java, none is found Minang name on the list. It should more make sense the second story, as the Japanese during attack on Asia known to have practice strong atrocities to local people by their project called “ romusha “
It is like a blessing to the people of especially the resident of Bukittinggi city, that with the existence of Ngarai Sianok and the heritage of Japanese occupation, although it is bitter experience has become holiday interest for people all over the world. The combination between nature, history, arts and people hospitable character, although the local people have followed Islam since 1800 from previous Hindu and Buddhist belief. The environment of Sianok canyon natural views added with various rare plants which are known as good for traditional medicine, wild monkeys, deers, wild pigs, various birds, and leopards is a perfect place to visit and knowing new land.
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Sumatra island offers great choice of sightseeing such as orangutans, lake Toba, traditional Batak village, water fall, and various wild life farming and plantations. Lake Toba is the most beautiful scenery in Indonesia with Samosir island on it, creation of natural disaster 70.000 years ago Lake Toba Samosir