INDIA ORIGIN SOCIETY

Shri Mariamman Temple MedanShri Mariamman Temple
The temple is belong to Tamil Indian community living in the city of Medan since 1873 which is known as people of Keling. According to the bureau of Sumatra Heritage the first group 25 persons of Tamil people were brought to Medan by Maatschappij, one of tobacco estate of Nienhuys in 1873 to be employed on the estate. Other record mentions also a group of Tamil were brought to North Sumatra in 1820 and 1920 for the same project. It seemed that during Dutch colony many groups of people were brought to north Sumatra. This estate later known as Deli tobacco and was so popular in Europe especially for octional market in Bremen Germany.

The temple or Kovil Shri MariammanThe existence of Tamil people in Sumatra has been disclosed not only during Dutch colony, but far before the era. The finding of some inscriptions and Batak ethnic kinship tradition can refer to this. The military expedition of king Rajendra of Chola Mandala kingdom in south India to Sri Wijaya in 1024-25 is one of the pinpointed event that follow the coming of them to Sumatra, although far before that were facts of relation between Amarawati south India, Maurya of north India and Indonesia have been proved to exist. The finding of Tamil inscription dated back 1088 in small port of Barus, Tapanuli mentions the boss of merchant Ayyavolu in Varocu ( almost spelling of Barosu ). An other inscription in Tamil was also found in Suruaso West Sumatra, estimated from 14th century written in Tamil and Malay. What is the relation between those Tamil mentioned before 19th century with those much earlier one, it seems that no relation is found except the existence of Kota China in Medan which is most probable that Tamil merchants staying temporary in Barus, did not returning to India but moved to the inner land and built settlement. Within Karo Batak society there is a tradition of clan or marga in their word called sembiring, Colia, Brahmana, Pandia, Melialia, Depari, Muham, Palawi and Tekan, and a village federation called urung. Archaologists found that these terminologies are clearly south Indian origin, but nothing to do with the society of what is known as Kampung Keling in Medan. So, it can be said that Tamil society in Sumatra consist of 2 different eras, one is before 19th century such as Kampung China and these assimilated with Karo people and the Kampung Keling which is newer arrival.

The name of Keling has been considered slandering by the Tamil, but who was fist creating the word is not known. For the Tamil society in Medan the word meaning black and other bad connotation. So they do not want to be called Keling. Local people in Medan called them Bombay. The fact of today among Indian population in North Sumatra is not only Tamil from south India but also from other part of India. It is estimated that there were 75.000 Tamils in 1996: 66% Hindus, 28% Buddhists, 4.5% Christians, and 1.5% Muslims. The Hindu Siks has Shri Mariamman temple, the Christians have Maria Annai Velangkani church, and the Buddhists have Pagoda Lumbini in Berastagi. All these religious constructions are interesting places for travel anthuiasts.

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Sumatra island offers great choice of sightseeing such as orangutans, lake Toba, traditional Batak village, water fall, and various wild life farming and plantations. Lake Toba is the most beautiful scenery in Indonesia with Samosir island on it, creation of natural disaster 70.000 years ago Lake Toba Tour Package Lake Toba Samosir


  
Shri Mariamman temple Medan